Black-necked Crane

(Grus Nigricollis)

Appearance: - The Black-necked Crane has a mainly whitish-grey body with a black head and upper neck, a small red patch on the crown above the eye, a small white patch at the back of the eye, a black tail, black primary and secondary wing feathers, and black legs and feet. Both sexes are alike but male is usually slightly larger.

Size: - Typical Adult is about 139cm (55in).

Food: - Tubers of sedges, plant roots, grain, earthworms, insects, frogs and other small vertebrates.

Habitat/Range: - Wetlands, alpine meadows, marshes, river valleys, and agricultural fields in China, and Tibet. They winter in southern China: the southern Qinghai-Tibetan plateau, Yunnan-Guizho plateau, Bhutan, and remote parts of India.

Black-necked Crane Map
Breeding Habitat/Resident,    Migration or Winter Area.

Breeding Season: - Begins late-March to mid-May. Eggs are laid mainly in May and June.

Eggs: - Usually 2 pale-blue eggs with brown irregular spots.

Notes; - The Black-necked Crane resides in Asia. Like other Cranes they dance by bowing and leaping into the air during the breeding season. These birds are protected in China, India, and Bhutan but still suffer from habitat loss and modification especially in their wintering areas. They are evaluated as 'Vulnerable' on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Conservation status (IUCN 3.1):
  Vulnerable.  

Classification; - Family: Gruidae,
Genus: Grus.

Compare with other Crane species.

Black-necked Crane Call:


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Black-necked Crane
Black-necked Crane (Grus Nigricollis) - Image: Wikimedia Commons