Appearance: - The large Chilean Flamingo has a pink plumage with black primary, and black secondary flight feathers, with red wing coverts. They can be distinguished from other species of Flamingo because of their long greyish legs with pink leg-joints and pink webbed feet. Also, more than half of their large pink beak is black. The eyes are a pale yellow colour. Both sexes are alike but the male is slightly larger.
Size: - Typical Adult is 110-130cm (43-51in).
Food: - Mainly algae, also crustaceans and aquatic insects. Flamingos feed by putting their large beak upside down in the water and use their tongue and beak to suck in and filter food from the mud and water.
Habitat/Range: - Wetlands, shallow saline lakes, and mudflats in South America - Equador, Peru, Bolivia, south-east Brazil down to Argentina, and Chile.
Breeding Season: - April to May.
Eggs: - 1 (chalky-white colour).
Notes: - The large Chilean Flamingo is closely related to the American Flamingo and the Greater Flamingo. This species is classified as 'near-threatened' due to hunting, egg harvesting, and loss of habitat. The Flamingos characteristic pink colouring is caused by the beta carotene in their diet.
Conservation status (IUCN 3.1):
Classification: - Family: Phoenicopteridae,
A-B C-F G-L M-R S-Z
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