Male - The male Ferruginous Duck has a rich chestnut head, neck, and breast, grey beak and striking white eyes, a dark collar around the base of the neck, upperparts are dark-brown, speculum is white, flanks are reddish-brown, a white belly and white under the tail coverts and legs and feet are grey.
Female - The female is duller and browner with brown eyes, and like the male it has white undertail coverts.
Eclipse - The Male in eclipse plumage is similar to the female but has a redder head and breast. It also differs from the female in having striking white eyes.
Size: - Typical Adult is about 40cm (16in).
Food: - Mainly aquatic plants, seeds, and roots, also small fish, molluscs, crustaceans, and aquatic insects.
Habitat/Range: - Lakes, marshes, and ponds in western Europe, Russia, Asia Minor, and Tibet. Winters further south in Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Middle East, India, Thailand, and sub-Saharan Africa.
Breeding Season: - Early-May to mid-June.
Eggs: - 8 to 10 (pale-buff colour).
Notes: - The Ferruginous Duck is a medium-sized Eurasian diving duck known colloquially as the Fudge Duck. The name 'Ferruginous' means rust coloured. It has also been called the White-eyed Pochard.
Conservation status (IUCN 3.1):
Classification: - Family: Anatidae,
Subfamily: Aythyinae, Genus: Aythya.