Goosander or Common Merganser

(Mergus Merganser)

Male - The male Common Merganser has a black-greenish gloss head and neck, the long neck feathers make the head look larger, a white body with pink tinge, the back is glossy black with a grey tail, the wings largely white on the inner half and black on the outer half, a red thin but long hooked beak with red-orange legs and feet.
Female - The female has a chestnut brown head, neck, and crest, with white upper chin, and upper-breast, upperparts are greyish-blue, underparts are creamy-white, with grey flanks.
Eclipse - The male in eclipse plumage is similar to the female but retains its wing pattern which is visible as a white patch. The head is a deeper brown than the female, the mantle is darker, and the beak is redder.

Click to enlarge Click to enlarge

Size: - Typical Adult is 58-72cm (24-28in).

Food: - Fish, eels, molluscs, crustaceans, worms, insect larvae, and amphibians.

Habitat/Range: - Lakes, rivers, estuaries and coastal waters in North America - Alaska, Aleutians, and much of Canada, northern & central Europe into Siberia, and western China. Winters in much of the USA, coastal regions of south-east Europe, central Asia, east coast of China, Korea, and Japan.

Goosander Map
Breeding Habitat/Resident,    Migration or Winter Area.

Breeding Season: - Early April to early June.

Eggs: - 7 to 14 (creamy white colour).

Notes: - The Goosander or Common Merganser is a sea duck. It is an expert at diving for fish such as salmon and trout and has a sawbill to help grip the fish. This bird has become unpopular with anglers due to its efficiency in taking fish.

Conservation status (IUCN 3.1):
  Least Concern.  

Classification: - Family: Anatidae,
Subfamily: Merginae, Genus: Mergus.

Compare with other Duck species.

Compare Sea Ducks.

Common Merganser (Goosander) video:

Common Merganser Call:

     A-B    C-F    G-L    M-R    S-Z   

You can search this website by using the custom search box below:

Goosander (Mergus Merganser)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge