Siberian Crane

(Grus Leucogeranus)

Appearance: - The Siberian Crane has a pure white plumage, the front of the face from behind the yellow eye to the beak is bare red skin, the primary flight feathers and primary coverts are black, and the legs and feet are pinkish. Both sexes are alike but the male is usually slightly larger.

Size: - Typical Adult is about 140cm (55in).

Food: - Mainly aquatic plants, seeds, roots, and berries, and also small rodents, insects, earthworms, and fish. It is the only species of Crane to have a serrated beak which helps it to grip its food.

Habitat/Range: - Wetlands, shallow marshlands, bogs, and tundra in Siberia. There are two distinct populations - in the east and in the west of Siberia. The eastern population winter mainly in the Poyang Lake area in China, and the western population winters in Iran.

Siberian Crane Map
Breeding Habitat/Resident,    Migration or Winter Area.

Breeding Season: - Late April and early May.

Eggs: - Usually two light-buff eggs with light-brown speckles.

Notes: - The Siberian Crane is also known as the Siberian White Crane, and the Snow Crane. Unlike other Crane species they have a serrated beak, and their high-pitched call is more goose-like than the usual trumpeting call of other Cranes. The Siberian Crane is listed as 'Critical' on the IUCN Red List as numbers have rapidly declined due to hunting along their migration routes and habitat degradation.

Conservation status (IUCN 3.1):
  Critically Endangered.  

Classification: - Family: Gruidae,
Genus: Grus.

Compare with other Crane species.


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Siberian Crane
Siberian Crane (Grus Leucogeranus) - Image: Wikimedia Commons