Appearance: - The Spot-billed Duck has a light-grey-brown head and neck with a dark blackish crown and eye-stripe, breast and underparts are pale buff or whitish with brown spots, the back, rump and upper-tail are blackish-brown, wings are whitish with black feathers below with a white-bordered green speculum above and white tertials. The beak is black and tipped with bright yellow and there is a red spot at the base of the beak. Legs and feet are a yellow-orange colour. Both sexes look similar. The Eastern or Chinese Spot-billed Duck lacks the red spot at the base of the beak and has a darker browner plumage (similar to a Pacific Black Duck) and has a blue speculum.
Size: - Typical Adult is about 60cm (23in).
Food: - Mainly aquatic plants, but also aquatic insects, larvae, molluscs, and worms.
Habitat/Range: - Wetlands, reservoirs, freshwater lakes and marshes. The Spot-billed Duck is resident in the southern part of its range from Pakistan and India to southern Japan, but the northern subspecies, the Eastern or Chinese Spot-billed Duck, is migratory, wintering in Southeast Asia.
Breeding Season: - July to October in northern India, and November to December in southern India. .
Eggs: - 8 to 14 (white colour).
Notes: - The Spot-billed Duck is a dabbling duck, and is sometimes just called the Spotbill. There are three sub-species of this duck: Indian Spot-billed Duck (Anas Poecilorhyncha Poecilorhyncha), Eastern or Chinese Spot-billed Duck (Anas Poecilorhyncha Zonorhyncha), and the Burmese Spot-billed Duck (Anas Poecilorhyncha Haringtoni).
Conservation status (IUCN 3.1):
Classification: - Family: Anatidae,
Subfamily: Anatinae, Genus: Anas.